2015年6月，王瑶 (笔名夏笳) 的科幻小说《Let's have a talk》在《Nature》发表，这是中国作家在《Nature》的Future栏目中刊登的第二部作品。这位北大中文系博士从年少时代起就热爱幻想类小说创作，至今已发表多篇科幻作品。代表作《关妖精的瓶子》于2004年获中国科幻最高奖银河奖。她也因这部作品入选2015中国十大新锐科技人物。
“我想起一个相似的例子。”黑暗中的声音说道。“Idioma de Señas de Nicaragua，简称ISN，中文叫‘尼加拉瓜手语’。这是上个世纪七八十年代，住在尼加拉瓜西部的一些聋哑儿童们集体创造的一种语言。”
So high, so low, so many things to know.
Let's have a talk
There are few reasons to call a linguist after midnight.
It was three in the morning when the phone woke me. A gloomy voice said they needed me right now. My first response was: Uh-oh, they're finally here. Aliens.
I met with some odd people in an odd dark room, where we watched odd video clips: a flock of white seal pups huddled together, clamoring continuously, sounding vaguely like a zoo mixed with a parking garage and a kindergarten.
“What the hell is that?” Someone beat me to the question.
We listened to the explanation. A lab designed these intelligent toys, which could imitate and learn human languages from scratch, as newborn babies do. The design summary claimed that the seal pups could ultimately master the equivalent of a five-years-old's language skills.
“It looks like they are talking with each other in some alien language we can't understand,” an incredulous voice penetrated the darkness.
“That is the very thing we must figure out.” A man in black, who conducted this midnight meeting, nodded at us, poker-faced.“Is that possible? Who taught them? Remember, the container was sealed the entire time.”
“Sealed seals,” I murmured. Luckily no one heard me.
“There was a similar case. ISN, Idioma de Señas de Nicaragua,” the voice in the darkness replied. “It's a sign language developed by deaf children in a number of schools in western Nicaragua in the 1970s and 1980s.”
“Tell me more.” Evidently the man in black found this interesting.
“Well, before the 1970s, there was no deaf community in Nicaragua. Then a couple of vocational schools were established there and hundreds of deaf students enrolled. The language program, which tried to teach students to lipread Spanish words, initially achieved little success. Meanwhile, however, the schoolyard, the street, and the school bus proved to be fertile testing grounds for students figuring out how to communicate with each other on their own. By combining gestures and elements of their individual, idiosyncratic, homegrown sign systems, a new type of sign language rapidly emerged, which is now known as Idioma de Señas de Nicaragua. It is the only time that we've actually seen a language being created out of thin air.”
“Not exactly,” another voice interrupted. “Actually, someone later created robots with an ability to develop their own language. These so-called Lingodroids were designed to navigate their way through a labyrinth and to create words for mapped locations using a database of syllables. They communicated their findings to each other with microphones and speakers, thereby spawning new words for direction and distance as well.”
“How do we know what the Lingodroids were talking about?” said a third voice. “Isn't it possible that a word that sounds innocuous could mean, for example, ‘armed revolt’?”
The idea of those simple robots conspiring should have been funny, but none of us laughed.
“Any more ideas?” The man in black looked around.
“Why seal pups?” I asked loudly.
“They look weird. Why couldn't you have chosen puppies or kittens?”
“I don't think that's important.” He shrugged.
“Maybe the designer wanted them to appear as timid and inoffensive as possible,” I mused. “Doesn't this imply that we fear talking creatures unconsciously?”
“What's your point?”
“I mean, why don't we turn off this video screen, walk out of this dark room, and talk with these...things directly, since we believe they've already developed their own language? All linguists know that the only way to learn an unknown language is to communicate with a native speaker, to point at objects and ask questions, and to answer their questions as well. We certainly will never understand what they are talking about if we don't knock on the door of that sealed container and say hello first.”
I stepped through the door, and all the seal pups fell silent and watched me with their big crystal eyes. Thank God. Seal pups seem much better than creatures with teeth and claws. I extended both of my hands to show there was no hidden weapon, just as I was trained to do in my first field practice, knowing full well that this gesture was probably meaningless in their linguistic system.
A ROBOT MAY NOT INJURE A HUMAN BEING, WHILE IT MUST PROTECT ITS OWN EXISTENCE.
So high, so low, so many things to know.
“你好。” I said hello in my mother tongue, and waited patiently.
The nearest seal pup put a fluffy paw in my flat palm, and spoke—it sounded like a great big yawn.
I tried my best to imitate it. I could be saying hello, or else just yawning. Anyway it was not a bad start.
“让我们说说话？” I asked gently. Let's have a talk, shall we?
本文由作者王瑶 (夏笳) 授权发布，特别致谢